About $44 trillion of economic value generation – more than half the world’s GDP – is moderately or highly dependent on nature and its services. Land transformation for agricultural commodities production is a key driver of impacts on nature. However, changing land use transforms the ecosystem and impacts biodiversity.
Even though biodiversity and impact on nature are context-dependent (region, resources, types), regeneration of natural resources and prevention of biodiversity loss must be factored into business value chains.
A simple way of looking at things could be to measure
- The land area needed
- The species of plants, animals and insects lost when the land is transformed
- How the lost species will impact things locally and their impact on global systems